space planning

Significance of Space Planning in Interior Designing


Space is the canvas on which a designer plans and lays out designs. The one essential element that is of core significance to interior designing is space. From designing a new space or redesigning an existing one for their clients, effective space planning and utilization remains the key. Core of all design innovations are the three essentials of natural light flow, effective utilization of space and aesthetic design of the available space. Space or the lack of it is the biggest challenge for a designer. After all space is the canvas on which a designer plans and lays out the perceived designs. Thus, space planning needs to be considered.

Any space should be able to ideally incorporate the flow of light in the room. Any room, no matter how good the design is, loses its sheen if there is deficiency of natural light. Another core essential is to ensure the effective use of space. You do not want a space which is too cramped or too empty. Balancing the perfect space usage with designing and use of decors is just as warranted. The third core significant aspect of good space planning is for the designer to bring about a certain sense of order. The space should complement the overall design structure of the house.

How to Handle Space or the Lack of It: Space Planning

Designers consider the activity quotient of various zones

Most interior designer firms use effective space planning by dividing the space element into various smaller constituents. The first thing that a designer does is to understand how much space is available for the project. Once the exact area or specification of the available space including both covered and uncovered areas is assimilated, the next step involves checking how the space is to be utilized for optimum usage for the client.

Based on the understanding of the client and the space on offer, the designer then draws out an initial plan or a first draft. During the initial plan the designer lays out zones and various activities that would take place in those particular zones. For example, some areas may be optimum to have fixed furniture, while others may offer movable items like home decor options. After completion of various zones and their activity quotient, a designer then defines the movement or circulation pattern in the space. These include answer to obvious questions like how will people move in the space or how will people sit. It also considers the availability of light leading to comfortable seat positioning as well as placement of various hardware and furniture.

Space and Room Layout

3D visualization helps balancing of positive and negative spaces

The perfect utilization of space is possible when space is perceived as per its volume, and not just length and breadth. Experienced interior designers break space into 2D and 3D visualizations. Two dimensional view covers the floor length and width; three dimensional view includes length, width and height. All filled space is known as positive space; any spaces that remain unoccupied are called negative space. The challenge for the interior designer is to maintain a perfect balance between 2D and 3D space, along with positive and negative space.

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Space Design and Its Three Core Essentials

1. Natural Light Flow

No matter how good a designer is, if the room does not receive ample natural light, the interior designing elements have a risk of working negatively. Instead of enhancing the beauty and style quotient of a room or space, they can act as a sore spot. Designers for this reason check the natural light flow in the room before drawing up their initial draft to ensure all designs are able to maximize the availability of natural light for an effective design and space management.

2. Effective Usage and Uniqueness

Every room and surroundings to be designed must reflect its own intrinsic qualities. It is for this reason that similar size houses with same dimensions can have a totally different space utilization concept. What may be small or claustrophobic for one may look cozy and inviting for another. The challenge before the designer is to understand the needs and mood of the clients and then draw up space utilization design effectively.

Think of it: the designer is only going to design a space and not live in it. Unless the client is comfortable with the space and its surroundings, all the hard work may go wasted. It is for this reason that understanding the personal needs of every client is of core importance when managing space.

3: Right Design for the Right Space

Every room has its own unique dimensions of size, natural light and usage. What may work in one room is not likely to work in another. Instead of adopting a DIY designing aspect for smaller rooms, clients that seek space design management for the entire house have a more balanced house reflecting on the underlying theme.

To ensure the space is used optimally, designers make use of many tools balancing them with the core essential to ensure every client is able to maintain a comfortable relationship with the space.


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