Today opioid addiction is a common problem among many people. One of the reasons why it has become a significant problem is because according to CNN in 2017 alone there were more than 49,000 people died in the USA because of the opioid addiction. An opioid is a class of drug that includes some illegal drugs like heroin and legal drugs like fentanyl and other pain relievers like oxycodone, hydrocodone, and morphine.
Opioidinteracts with the opioid receptors of the brain that stimuli reactions inside the brain and nerve cells that response not only helps the person in lessening his pain but it also gives him the sound feeling of ecstasy and Euphoria. Every pain killer has some quantity of opioid in it; therefore, doctors always instruct his patients to take pain killers up to the amount prescribed and durationforfast relief. But most of the people start consuming pain killers more than the amount specified because they feel euphoria while taking the pain killers because of opioid.
Opioid Addiction Diagnosis and Treatment
A person who is being addicted to opioid doesn’t realize himself that he is addicted to the opioid; therefore, he needs to go through specific tests and medical observations to confirm his addiction. The initial symptoms of the opioid addictions are not strange; consequently, you can’t judge by the physical manifestations of the person that he has been severely addicted to the opioid or not.
To know that the particular person is being addicted to the opioid doctors conduct various chemical tests and drug addiction tests on the person to confirm opioid addiction.
Like any other drug addiction, opioid addiction treatment is available with a wide range of drugs and therapies prescribed by professional doctors. There are available two types of treatment for drug addiction the behavior treatment and medical treatment. Both could be given either solely to the person or as a combined therapy depending on the severity of the symptoms.
Buprenorphine and Methadone Treatment
Opioid addiction could be easily controlled and treated with the help of Buprenorphine and Methadone two of the most prescribed opioid agonist for dealing with the symptoms of addiction. The dosage form of Buprenorphine and Methadone differ from person to person depending on the severity of the symptoms. It is always advised to the patients who are under the monitoring of these drugs not to consume any other type of addiction like alcohol or heroin which could have a fatal effect on the health of the patient.
Sometimes symptoms of addiction are so severe in the patient that it cannot be cured just with the help of medicated drugs like Buprenorphine and Methadone because person also needs a behavioral treatment given by the professional therapists. In the behavioral therapy patients are given proper counselling by a psychologist to train their subconscious mind about the fatal effects of addiction.