Getting the Facts: Your Complete Guide to Laser Eye Surgery: Benefits, Risks, Treatments & More


The number of individuals with eye problems is always on the rise. Perhaps you won’t miss finding a few people wearing glasses or eye contacts on your way to work, school, or when moving around the streets. You could be experiencing a specific eye problem and are looking for a possible solution. While there are different treatments for different issues, laser surgery is among the most common. You may want to think of it as a perfect alternative to glasses and contact lens which can sometimes cause some inconveniences. But before then, please read on to know all the necessary facts about laser eye surgery.

Do You Qualify for the Surgery?

The best place to start the journey is by determining if you are a qualified candidate. It helps you to overcome the myth and beliefs about the suitability of the surgery and understand the best time to do it. You can read more here to find out if you qualify for the surgery and the possible measures to take.

The primary requirement for eye surgery is to have a stable prescription. This means that an individual under certain medications, hormonal fluctuations or conditions such as diabetes may not qualify for the operation. Nursing or pregnant mothers may not qualify due to hormonal imbalances. You should, however, note that these conditions are just temporary barriers and when you get back to adequate health, there are chances that you’ll be suitable for the treatment.

What’s Next After Finding Out That You are Eligible for the Surgery?

After being given the green light, you’ve to find out the type of laser surgery fit for you. There are different occasions which you can be allowed to undergo this treatment;

Myopia Myopia is also known as short-sightedness. It is a condition where you can only see items that are relatively close but only see blur when objects are a distance away.

Hyperopia – also referred to as farsightedness, hyperopia is a condition where you can see things that are a distance away, but you get blurry near vision.

Astigmatism – this is a condition that results from curved or flattened cornea which alters near and disrupts vision.

Going through laser surgery can be a huge decision that you’ll have to make. It’s recommendable that you take your time and think about the decision. You should weigh the benefits and risks which, in the end, will help you make a sound decision. Read on to understand more about these benefits and risks.

 What are the Main Benefits?

 1. It Improves Vision

 Laser surgery has proven its effectiveness in bettering vision. Different studies have shown that approximately 95% of those individuals who undergo the treatment attained a visual acuity of 20/40 while over 80% of them achieved their vision back fully. Regardless of the degree of acuity that you may wish to attain, the bottom line is that you’ll get a dramatic visual improvement.

 2. You Get Long-Term Results

It may take a few months to have your site fully restored, but after the waiting period is over, you’ll get permanent eyesight. Also, you’ll not need monitoring. The only time you’ll require checkup is in a case of complications or when your eyesight changes with time.

 3. Say Goodbye to Glasses and Contact Lenses

Glasses and contact lenses can be quite uncomfortable and limiting at times. Also, the cost that comes with the replacement of either of the two is astounding. The best part about laser surgery is that it does not con you with an upfront cost. You will only pay for the treatment once without expecting further bills unless you have any complications that could complicate the treatment process.

 4. Quick Results

Expect some changes and some difficulties immediately after surgery but be assured that it will only be for a short period. You can go back to your normal lifestyle within the next 24 hours.

 5. It Boosts Confidence

Poor vision can be disturbing and could result in low self-esteem. Undergoing laser surgery has helped many regain their confidence. People who wear glasses no longer go through the stigma that was there before. If you’ve had severe vision issues before, going anywhere without lenses or glasses can have a significant effect on your self-esteem. Rather than going through this trouble, it is best if you get the laser surgery for permanent sight restoration.

 6. Great Career Improvements

Body complications are among the top causes of career failure, and vision problem is not an exception. You’ll hardly work to your full potential if you’ve to keep going to your optician frequently for checkups. You’ll end up spending a lot of time off that you would’ve spent working. Luckily, laser surgery can be a permanent solution.

 7. You Get to Enjoy Your Favorite Activities

Are you a lover of sports, be it football, basketball or swimming? You could feel that you hardly enjoy doing these activities to the fullest since lenses and glasses may not be ideal for such. Glasses are not allowed in some sports and contact lenses can be uncomfortable. Laser surgery, however, can be an excellent solution for you and will allow you to enjoy your favorite sports.

 Risks of Laser Surgery

Perhaps everything that has benefits cannot miss having some downsides too. The common risks associated with this treatment include;

 1. Dry Eyes

The operation may result in a temporary reduction in tear production. This may take place for up to six months or more after the surgery. You’ll feel some type of unusual dryness as you heal which could alter the quality of your vision. The problem can be corrected by using eye drops as your healing. But if you experience severe dryness, you can have plugs put in your tear ducts to ensure that tears do not drain from your eye surface.

 2. Double Vision

Double vision is a condition where you may experience problems seeing, especially at night. You’ll notice some halos and glare around bright lights, but this lasts only for a few days. Also, your vision in dim lights like during the evening hours might e affected after the surgery.

 3. Under and Overcorrection

The results you get from the surgery could be lower than what you hoped for. The surgery involves the removal of a little tissue layer from the eye which could result in under corrections. This, however, depends on the condition. Most individuals who fall, victims of this situation, are short-sighted. You may need to undergo several surgeries to have more tissue removed. What’s more? You may have too much tissue removed from the eye which results to overcorrection, which is worse than under correction as it is impossible to correct.

 4. Astigmatism

This situation could result from an uneven removal of the eye tissue, and you may require another surgery to correct it.

What Increases the Chances for These Risks?

These risks do not just happen. Yes, the problem could be as a result of a poorly done surgery, but then there are a few conditions that could trigger and increase the chances of suffering the risks. Your physician may not recommend the surgery if you have the following issues;

  • Immune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis
  • A weak immune system probably due to diseases like HIV
  • If you have naturally dry eyes
  • You have a severe short-sightedness
  • If you have large a thin corneas
  • If your vision problem is age-related

 What Should You Expect During the Surgery?

The surgery takes at most 30 minutes to completion. Your physician will numb your eye and could also give you relaxing medicine to make the procedure more comfortable. S/he will use an instrument to keep your eyelids open, place suctioning on your eye and then use a cutting laser to remove a small flap from the front of your eye before reshaping the required area of the cornea. The surgeon then lays the flap back –does not require stitching. Your surgeon may ask you to focus on a particular point as this helps in the cornea reshaping process.

 What Should You Expect After the Surgery?

After the surgery, expect to feel a burning or itching sensation in the eyes. You may experience blurred vision. You’ll feel a little pain, but you’ll regain your sight fast. Your doctor might give you eye drops or other medications to keep you comfortable after the surgery. You may not get a clear vision right away, it’ll take up to three months to recover fully and have your vision stabilized. The chances of getting a better vision will highly depend on how your site was before the procedure.

Do not forget to do a follow-up with your physician after the surgery to determine if you are healing and if there are any complications. Take time to heal and avoid using any cosmetics around the eyes. You may also be required to take some time off any contact sports, gym or swimming.


Laser eye surgery is designed to leave you with the best eyesight attainable. It comes with loads of benefits. But then, not everyone with eye problems is eligible to undergo the procedure. Consult your doctor to advise you on the same. Also, make sure to follow the recommended steps to speed up the healing process so you can attain your health goals and avoid further complications. Before deciding on where to have the surgery done, consider if the surgeon is qualified and reliable. You can also look out for other relevant blogs to understand more about laser surgery, the benefits, risks, and relevant treatment.


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