The menace of Swine Flu is back again. This viral infection is caused due to the transmission of influenza virus to the human body. The internet and newspapers are overflowing with the rising number of cases of swine flu infections across various parts of the world. Though, the medical science is constantly trying to arrest the deadly situation, but, the contagious nature of the disease is causing havoc to the human population. This highly contagious disease Know about the top 5 facts on the deadly threat, Swine Flu. Make yourself aware of the entire situation and protect yourself from its deadly outcome.
1. Swine Flu – Define
Swine Flu is defined as the respiratory disorder, caused due to the influenza viruses, especially the H1N1 influenza virus. It is also known as Pig Flu, Swine Flu or Swine Influenza. This disease is mainly the respiratory complication of the pigs, which at times get transmitted to the human, especially the veterinarians and hog farmers. Then, it gets transmitted among the individuals via physical contact, sexual contact. The various modes of transmission of the virus are cough, saliva, breathing in the air having the influenza virus, blood transfusion, fecal oral pathway and infected needles. Even a child gets affected from the infected pregnant mother as well.
2. Swine Flu – Facts
In April, 2009, H1N1 virus was first diagnosed in the US. Within two months, the number of cases rose to around 18000. By November 2009, 74 nations were affected. More than 81 millions of human population was vaccinated against the complication. CDC estimated around 89 million individuals were affected by the virus. On 10.10.10, WHO declared the end of the H1N1 global pandemic. Again now in 2014-15, this infection is continuously rising in different parts of the globe, especially in India. The cases have crossed the mark of 11,000 till date with 703 death cases till date. The virus is spreading at a rapid pace in the various states of India.
3. Swine Flu – Causes
The primary cause of the occurrence of the Swine Flu infection is the exposure to the H1N1 virus. This influenza virus undergoes change constantly. This gives rise to a number of strains. These strains lead to Swine Flu. Generally, individuals with high exposure to pigs and poultry are more prone to the disorder. Also, people having a high risk factor of renal failure, lung disorder, brain diseases, diabetes, weakened immune system and cardiac complications are more prone to Swine Flu. The H1N1 influenza virus infects the cells of the throat, lungs and nose. This virus gets entry to the human body by inhaling the contaminated droplets or transferring the virus from the contaminated object to mouth, nose or eyes.
4. Swine Flu – Symptoms
The major symptoms of this respiratory viral infection are high fever accompanied by chills, persistent cough, sore throat, stuffy and running nose, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, body pain, watery eyes, excessive dehydration, pneumonia, dry cough, abdominal pain, physical weakness, breathing trouble, fatigue and lethargy. The symptoms of Swine Flu develop after 1 to 3 days after getting exposed to the virus. However, they settle down in about 7 days. This infection is highly contagious in nature and gets transmitted in various individuals very easily.
5. Swine Flu – Prevention
Consumption of pork does not lead to getting infected with Swine Flu. Generally, all those individuals, who are in close contact with pigs are prone to develop the infection. Wearing the surgical masks, washing hands thoroughly before eating food, cleaning the floors, handles of the doors with proper disinfectant, maintaining safe distance from the infected individuals, disposing dirty tissues, avoiding repeatedly touching the nose, eyes and face, washing the vegetables and fruits thoroughly, keeping the body hydrated are some of the important preventive tips of Swine Flu infection. These precautionary measures will prevent the human body from getting infected with the influenza virus.
The anti-viral medicine must be consumed just in 2 days of the appearance of the symptoms. This ensures quicker recovery and provides a lot of relief to the patients. Proper amount of fluid shall be consumed to ensure that the body is properly hydrated and fever is controlled.