In vitro fertilization or IVF treatment is a common infertility treatment. It is a type of assistive reproductive technology. In an IVF treatment, the eggs from a woman’s ovaries are retrieved and fertilized with the sperm of a man. This fertilized egg is known as an embryo. The embryo is then frozen for storage or transferred into a woman’s uterus. The embryo can also be used in a surrogate or gestational carrier(a third party who carries your child in her womb).
Some countries have banned the practice of IVF treatment because they think the IVF will give rise to fertility tourism. Due to the high cost of treatment, IVF is generally the last option for infertile parents.
Depending on your situation, IVF can use:
- your eggs and your partner’s sperm
- your eggs and donor sperm
- donor eggs and your partner’s sperm
- donor eggs and donor sperm
- donated embryos.
Though IVF is considered the only option for parents to have a child, the success rate for IVF treatment varies. As per a research, the live birth rate for women under age 35 undergoing IVF is 41 to 43 percent. This rate falls to 13 to 18 percent for women over the age of 40.
How is IVF Treatment Performed?
An IVF treatment in India involves five steps-
Stimulation of eggs through hormone therapy: The production of eggs is stimulated through hormone therapy. Fertility drugs are given to the women to boost the production of eggs. Usually, a woman produces one egg per month. But these fertility drugs allow the woman’s ovaries to produce several eggs which will help in the procedure.
Retrieving eggs from the ovaries: The next step in the treatment involves retrieving the eggs from the ovary. This is done through a surgery called ‘follicular aspiration’ which enables easily retrieving the woman’s eggs from her ovaries.
Fertilization of the eggs and sperm: The male sperm is placed together with best quality eggs. Then both the eggs and sperm are stored in an environmentally controlled chamber leading to fertilisation. After insemination, the sperm then fertilises the egg. However, if the doctor thinks, the chances of fertilisation is low, then he will directly insert the sperm into the egg.
Embryo culture: When the fertilised egg divides, it develops into an embryo. In 3-5 days, a natural embryo matures, which has cells that are actively dividing.
Embryo transfer: This is the last stage of IVF treatment. Here, embryos are placed into the woman’s uterus 3-5 days after the egg retrieval and fertilisation.
Cost of IVF treatment in India
Infertility as a problem is quite evident in our country. But most of the parents neglect the issue or aren’t aware of the fertility treatment. With a view that every patient gets treatment at low-cost Indian hospitals have been offering IVF treatment. The approximate cost for IVF treatment in India is USD 3500 (Rs 2,34,501).
Besides being home to some of the best Infertility and IVF centres in the world, the country comes out pretty cheap for foreign nationals. Not only is the cost of infertility treatment here low in comparison to other cities, even the cost of living is affordable.