Every continent is known for something or the other. Asia for dense population, Europe for the smallest country of the world, the Vatican City, South America for Mount Chimborazo, North America for Lake Superior, Australia for the largest island and Africa for the River Nile. But what about Antarctica, the cold region of the globe? It is a barren piece of land, made of ice. Well, here are some facts unknown about this continent. Have a look.
1. The Largest Desert
Generally, people think deserts are hot, sandy and dry regions. But, Antarctica is supposed to be the largest desert. It is the highest, windiest, driest and coldest continent of the world. It is icy with fiercely cold temperature. It is completely a barren land and the maximum temperature recorded in this continent was 17.5°C. The minimum temperature can go below -93.2°C. The coldest place in this continent is a ridge, where the minimum temperature is recorded.
2. Unexpected Eruptions
Volcanoes are known to shoot out lava, magma and heat. But, here in Antarctica, volcanoes erupt unexpectedly. And they do not shoot out lava. Instead, they shoot out ice crystals. This continent is known as the abode of the southernmost volcano of the planet Earth. The volcano is in active state and is named as Mount Erebus.
3. 90 Percent Freshwater
Apart from ice, this continent is known to have 90 percent of freshwater. Also, there exist 300 lakes below the continent, which are not frozen due to the warmth of the core of the Earth. There exists a waterfall here, which is red in color. This is because of the presence of rust (iron-oxide) in the saltwater, which gives it the color of the blood.
4. Life Here
Antarctica has a considerable amount of wildlife. But, to everybody’s astonishment, one cannot find polar bears here in the continent. Also, in the year 1977, a pregnant woman was sent by Argentina, who gave birth to a baby boy. He is known as the first human of the continent. There are minimum seven churches in the continent. Chile has built a civilian town in the continent, which has a hospital, school, post office, hotel, mobile phone, TV and internet as well.
5. Shift in the Center of Gravity
Almost the entire continent is completely covered with ice. Only 1 percent of the continent is free from ice. The ice sheet covering the continent, Antarctica exists for around 40 million years with an average thickness of 1 mile. But, melting of the ice bergs has been so much that it has led to the shift of the center of gravity of the region. The largest iceberg of the continent measures around 11000 square kilometers. It got separated from the continent in the year 2000.
These are some facts unknown about Antarctica. Hope you liked it. If you have some more facts on the continent, please share with us below in the comment section.