Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic form of neurodegenerative disorder. It is one of the common forms of dementia, which is characterized by memory loss. It is a long, progressive and incurable neurological disorder of the brain. The death of the brain nerve cells occurs gradually. The size of the brain gets decreased. According to surveys, every 1 in 3 individuals dies due to Alzheimer’s disorder. Alzheimer’s disease is the major cause of death in the United States. On an average, the patient lives 4 to 8 years, but the longevity may even last up to 20 years as well. Here are the top 5 facts on Alzheimer’s Disease. Have a look.
1. Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease progresses through some of the important stages step wise. The situation gets worsened over time. The major stages are the following:
Early Stage (Mild Alzheimer’s: Preclinical) – People tend to face difficulties in remembering names of individuals, places or the right word. They face lack of concentration and memory.
Middle Stage (Moderate Alzheimer’s: Mild cognitive impairment) – This is the longest stage. They face problem in expressing their feelings or words. And, this happens due to the damage in the nerve cells of the brain. There are changes in the sleep patterns. Suspiciousness, delusion and variations in personality and behavior are other major characteristic features of this stage.
Late Stage (Severe Alzheimer’s: Dementia) – Patients fail to respond to the surroundings. They require full time high level assistance. They face difficulties in communicating. This is the last stage of this neurological disorder.
2. Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s is caused due to the death of the brain nerve cells. The exact causes are yet to be known. Heredity is supposed to be a major cause of Alzheimer’s disease. The other reasons are tangles and plaques associated with the brain. Hypertension, head injury and depression are some of the other major causes of Alzheimer’s Disease. Obesity and sedentary lifestyle may also contribute to Alzheimer’s disease.
3. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease
Memory loss is the major characteristic feature of Alzheimer’s Disease. Beside, this neurological disorder is characterized by the following signs. Asking same questions over and over again, unable to remember words while speaking, mixing words, getting agitated, undergoing variations in mood and behavior, not being able to follow instructions, getting lost, poor understanding ability, poor decision making ability, impaired writing, speaking, compulsive behavior, loss of empathy, misplacing things, repeating same questions again and again.
4. Recommended Diet for Alzheimer’s Disease
The recommended diet for Alzheimer’s patients is healthy fats, adequate vitamins, fruits, vegetables, essential minerals and lean proteins. Complex carbohydrates, white foods, processed meat and cheese are some of the food items, which must be avoided by individuals suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. Consumption of beer shall be restricted completely. Olive oil, green leafy vegetables, salmon, berries, chocolate and coffee are recommended strictly. Also, drink a lot of water. Do not consume too much sugar. Consume a lot of vegetables, fruits, dairy products and lean meats.
5. Myths of Alzheimer’s Disease
Certain myths are related to Alzheimer’s Disease. Some of them are the following:
Alzheimer’s is a part of natural ageing process.
This disorder is not fatal.
Only individuals above age 50 get affected by Alzheimer’s disease.
Flu shots lead to Alzheimer’s.
These are some of the important myths of Alzheimer’s disease. These myths, though are very common, are not true and correct. Thus, these are the top 5 facts on Alzheimer’s Disease. If you want to share some more views on the disorder, do so in the section given below.