John Forbes Nash Jr., a Nobel laureate in Economics documented his struggle with Schizophrenia in a book “The Beautiful Mind.” It has made into a film with an Oscar award. There are many people living in the shadow of this disease. Often, they don’t receive medical attention that could help them lead a better life. This post will take you through 5 facts about this disorder.
1. Definition of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can be described as a brain disorder. People with this disorder find it difficult to differentiate between reality and illusions. Often, they are unable to manage their emotions. They can’t relate to others, think things through or function normally. As a result of this, there are cases, where people imagine that they have met people, who don’t exist. Some people suffering from this disorder feel insecure that someone is watching them.
2. Delusions of Schizophrenia
People with Schizophrenia often have delusions, which are dangerous. Over 90% of the patients have experienced a delusional experience at least once. These delusions are fantasies, illogical or even bizarre. The most difficult task for psychiatrists is convincing them that what they see and hear at times is not real. For instance, a person with this disorder might claim that he or she was abducted by aliens, while he or she was watching TV with rest of the family.
3. Frequency of Schizophrenia
This is a rare disorder as it affects only 1% of Americans. However, there are several negative stereotypes associated with this disorder. These include violent behavior. As a result, patients are often marginalized and deprived of making a living. This serves to lower their self-esteem and self-worth. The misconceptions of this disorder is one of the biggest challenges that patients have to deal with.
4. Causes of Schizophrenia
Researchers have not been able to find the exact cause for this disorder. However, this disorder arises from complex environmental and genetic factors. Also, stress caused during pregnancy can affect the child later. Low level of oxygen during birth, sexual abuse during childhood, separation or loss of a parent as a child can also trigger this disorder. Also, abnormality in the brain structure also cause Schizophrenia.
5. Cognitive Symptoms
The different categories that Schizophrenia can be divided are disorganized, residual, paranoid, undifferentiated and catatonic. For instance, a person’s speech might be disorganized because of scattered thinking. This is because, patients often find it difficult to concentrate and stick to a trail of a thought. It might result in the person giving you an answer completely unrelated to the question asked to him or her. Additionally, people with this disorder find it hard to take care of them.
Psychiatric disorders usually go undetected. This is because of the lack of awareness. Make yourself aware about this disorder. Help friends and family. Guide them to get medical attention. Help them to get proper treatment and fight this brain disorder completely.